Cancer cases predicted to skyrocket by 2035, half are preventable

According to a report released on World Cancer Day, the World Health Organization is foreseeing a “tidal wave” of cancer overcoming the world.

By 2035, the organization predicts that the number of cancer cases will be close to 24 million per year and the ongoing cost of care for patients will skyrocket. However, it notes that half of those cases could be prevented. It wants to focus on targeting cancer causes like smoking, drinking and obesity.

Director of the WHO International Agency for Research on Cancer noted just how much of the cost for cancer treatment the world will have to bear. “”If we look at the cost of treatment of cancers, it is spiraling out of control, even for the high-income countries. Prevention is absolutely critical and it’s been somewhat neglected.”

The World Cancer Report for 2014 listed that the major causes of preventable cancer are smoking, radiation (sun and medical scans), air pollution, delayed parenthood (as well as having fewer children and not breast-feeding), alcohol, infections and obesity.

One of the major issues with these causes is that though we understand the dangers of each, we don’t always associate cancer. Dr. Bernard Stewart from the University of South Wales stated,

“In relation to alcohol, for example, we’re all aware of the acute effects, whether it’s car accidents or assaults, but there’s a burden of disease that’s not talked about because it’s simply not recognised, specifically involving cancer. The extent to which we modify the availability of alcohol, the labelling of alcohol, the promotion of alcohol and the price of alcohol – those things should be on the agenda.” (sic)

Using this same argument, he said there’s a case to be made against sugar, which fuels obesity and can lead to various cancers.

The way to prevent cancer that stems from a poor diet is easy. Live an active live, completely cut out processed foods, limit alcohol and eat plenty of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Easier said than done, sure, but eating more broccoli and refraining from drinking soda sound a lot easier than having cancer.


Prostate Imaging: The Visual Prostate Exam

If your prostate exam or the result of your PSA test indicates the possibility of cancer, your doctor may order diagnostic imaging tests. These are more complex types of prostate exams that allow urologists to “see” the gland, either through ultrasound, radio waves, or x-rays. None of these prostate exams can diagnose cancer 100 percent: a biopsy is necessary to make the final diagnosis.

Trans Rectal Ultrasound (TRUS)

A trans rectal ultrasound uses high frequency sound waves to generate an image of the prostate. A probe is lubricated, and inserted into the rectum. The probe then emits sound waves that are reflected back to the probe by the prostate and other organs. The returned ultrasound waves are used to construct a picture of the gland.

Computed Tomography (CT Scan)

Computed tomography, also known as a CT scan, uses x-rays to generate computerized cross sections of the internal organs. Multiple x-rays are taken during a CT scan, providing the urologist with an overall view of the gland.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

Unlike computed tomography, which uses potentially harmful x-rays, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) uses magnets and radio waves to generate a 3-dimensional image of internal organs. The resolution of the MRI is so detailed that urologists can tell the difference between cancerous and healthy tissue, even if those changes are very slight.

Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopic Imagery (MRSI)

An MRSI is performed in combination with an MRI. Like magnetic resonance imaging, an MRSI uses magnetic and radio waves. An MRSI, however, can detect differences at the cellular level. A MRSI can detect levels of certain cellular chemicals (metabolites) that will be in low concentrations if prostate cancer is present.

ProstaScint Scan

The ProstaScintTM scan uses injected radioisotopes to locate cancer. The isotopes are injected into the bloodstream, and attach themselves to cancerous cells. Accumulations of the radioisotopes can then be found using a special gamma ray camera. The test is not 100 percent accurate; false positive results have been made.

Radionuclide Bone Scan

Your urologist may suggest a bone scan, to determine whether the cancer has spread to the bones or not. In early-stage prostate cancer, this is usually a precautionary test, performed to rule out possible complications.

Prostate Cancer Screening

Screening for prostate cancer is a controversial topic. The concern is not that digital rectal exams and prostate specific antigen (PSA) results cannot identify early-stage cancers. Both sides agree that this is true. Opponents of regular screening suggest that positive screening results may lead to unnecessary prostate cancer treatment and needless anxiety.

PSA Results and The Case For Screening

PSA results and other forms of screening allow men to access prostate cancer treatment during the early stages of their disease. Whether immediate treatment is required or not, symptoms can be monitored in case the condition worsens. Early screening and early detection, proponents argue, can save lives. The argument is simple, but powerful.

The Case Against Screening

The argument against screening is somewhat more complex. A recent study by the U.S. Preventive Services Force states that no hard evidence indicates that early detection of prostate cancer affects the eventual outcome of the disease. Most men diagnosed with prostate cancer are over the age of 65. Only three percent of men diagnosed will die from the disease. As the disease progresses very slowly, in most cases, most men diagnosed will actually die from other causes.

While fifteen percent of American males will be diagnosed with the disease, only eight percent actually need surgery or other treatment. Early detection, opponents argue, often leads to unnecessary treatment. Surgery and radiation therapy can have unwanted side effects, including urinary incontinence, bowel dysfunction and erectile dysfunction.

Opponents object to the needless anxiety and stress that a diagnosis generates. If early detection of the disease will not change the outcome, they argue, why bother upsetting men with the test results? Perhaps this is a case where what men don’t know won’t hurt them.

Watchful Waiting

For many men, a diagnosis of prostate cancer results in what urologists refer to as “watchful waiting.” Symptoms of the disease are monitored, but treatment is not undertaken unless symptoms increase in severity.

The Choice is Yours

Choosing whether to undergo prostate testing or not is an individual decision. Some men prefer to know; some would just as happily remain unaware. The same reasoning applies to treatment side effects: some men would prefer to have early treatment, and run the risk of side effects. Others would prefer to wait and see if their symptoms worsen. Of course, your decision should be based on relevant issues such as age and risk factors, like a family history of prostate disease.

The information on this site explores the different types of prostate cancer screening.

The American Cancer Society recommends that men over the age of 50 should get digital rectal exams (DREs) on a regular basis.

The prostate specific antigen (PSA) test is a blood test that is used frequently to screen for prostate cancer.

Often called the visual prostate exam, prostate imaging will allow urologists to actually see the prostate gland.

Though screening can give urologists some information, the only real way to confirm that a man has prostate cancer is to conduct a tissue biopsy of the area.


Means for Dealing With Prostate Cancer; Prostate Treatment and or Prostate Surgery


If the person is found to be positive for Prostate Cancer; then, a plan is discussed for Prostate cancer treatment and or Prostate surgery. The outcomes of intricate and detailed fndings from PET Scans, MRI’s and other imaging tests verify the extent and location of the tumors.


1) The primary physician oversees the patient’s condition.

2) An oncologist and or radiologist join the health care team and devise a plan.

  1. Radiation is one form of Prostate treatment for Cancer. The patient receives doses that are prescribed according to the size, type and location of the tumor. These rays tend to kill the tumor without hurting other organs around it.
  2. Therapies using hormones – Some patients undergo treatment with certain hormones that work either alone or with other means to keep the Cancer from spreading.
  3. Seed Implants – Are not as invasive as regular surgery but inject some radiation seeds into the Prostate area. The patient also gets to go home on the same day and has few if any side effects.
  4. Surgery – A more invasive way of helping the patient that is diagnosed with Prostate Cancer. This is not as popular because of the need for anesthesia and a longer hospital stay and recouperation. It removes the entire Prostate.

There are side effects such as incontinence, lack of sexual drive and sometimes depression. These are also simultaneously treated through medical counseling and or medications.

Prostate Cancer is a very common Cancer in males and can be treated when diagnosed at an early stage. It also needs careful upkeep of care after the diagnosis and the appropriate Prostate treatment.


Is Prostate Cancer All Gloom And Doom? Prostate Cancer Treatment Offers Hope

Over 200,000 new cases of prostate cancer are diagnosed each year. More than 32,000 men die from prostate cancer annually. Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of death among men in the United States, just behind lung cancer. Prevention, knowing the symptoms and prostate cancer treatment offers hope.

Unfortunately the early stages of prostate cancer do not have any signs. Following the very early stages some symptoms can include frequent urination, pain or burning feeling during urination or ejaculation and blood in urine or semen.

Early forms of treatment include further testing to determine the extent of the disease as well as a biopsy to remove tissue or cells.

prostate cancer treatment usually starts with Chemotherapy or radiation treatment. Chemical hormone therapy stops testosterone from contributing to the growth of the cancer. A change in diet is often included as part of prostate cancer treatment .

If the cancer progresses, surgery is an option. A simple procedure is Brachytherapy where small radioactive seeds are implanted into the prostate tissue. A more invasive surgery is a Prostatectomy, which is the removal of the entire prostate gland.

Prevention is important. Regular testing can also lead to early detection. Today prostate cancer treatments can range from simple procedures to prostate surgery .


Whatever option is determined to be best for the patient, it is important to note that progress is being made. Today the survival rate beyond 5 years is at nearly 100% and the 15 plus year survival rate is at 76%. So to get checked out only makes sense.


India is one stop destination for low cost fibroid surgery

Fibroids are muscular tumors that grow in the wall of the uterus (womb), originate from the smooth muscle layer (myometrium) of the uterus. This is commonly found in women during the middle and later reproductive periods. In most cases Symptoms of fibroid tumor are unnoticeable. However, a fibroid symptom depends on the type, their size, location within the uterus, and how close they are to the adjacent pelvic organs. It can cause infertility which is biggest disadvantage. Fibroids may be single or multiple.

An average age for women, suffering with uterine fibroid is 30 – 40 years. Different types of fibroids are associated with different signs. The cause of fibroid is unknown but may occur due to genetic factors. All uterine fibroids are the same; they are categorized according to their location:

  • Submucosal fibroids are present just beneath the lining of uterus.
  • Intramural fibroids lie between the muscles of the uterine wall.
  • Subserol fibroids are seen from uterine walls to pelvic cavity.
  • Pedunculated fibroids are joined to the uterine wall.

Surgeries are chosen by patient’s fibroid tumors size and location. Fibroid Surgery in India are as follows

Myomectomy – Surgery to remove fibroids without taking out the healthy tissue of the uterus.  The advantage of this surgery is you can conceive even after the surgery.

Hysterectomy– uterus is operated and removed. This major surgery gives assured results to cure fibroids.

Endometrial Ablation – this involves removal or destroyed lining of uterus to control bleeding. This is minor surgery which is very uncommon but takes very less time to recover. Disadvantage of this surgery is it causes infertility in women. Other surgeries are performed but it does not give satisfying results. Also patient must be clear with the method of surgery and after effects.  The Patient’s wish to conceive in future after surgery is also important to keep in mind for treatment method used.

Fibroid Treatment costs in developed countries are higher and skyrocketing, replacing those expensive treatment plan people are searching for inexpensive yet effective treatment. Surgical operations are carried out by experts having experience in giving better outcomes. Hospitals are equipped with latest instruments for diagnosing the problem and treating problem with ease, giving international patient an experience wellness within budget.

Urocare INDIA providing excellent healthcare services to international patients. The medical team evaluates benefits of Fibroid Surgery; one can easily get back to normal routine activity with the consent of doctor, faster recovery, less pain and normal menstruation cycle, fewer complications post surgery. The gynecology team associated with medical tourism company provides the patient with complete medication manual which helps in quicker and smooth recovery.

Prostate Cancer Treatment in India under Proficient & Skilled Physicians at Jaypee Hospital

Prostate Cancer Treatment in India is done at Jaypee Hospital under finest medical supervision with the help of certified and experienced surgeons and physicians. The team of physicians and surgeons make exceptional analysis of the patients to improve their current status to a normal status. Prostate Cancer is a form of Cancer that develops in the Prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system. The Cancer cells may metastasize from the Prostate to other parts of the body, particularly the bones and lymph nodes. Prostate Cancer may cause pain, difficulty in urinating, problems during sexual intercourse. Other symptoms can potentially develop during later stages of the disease. Prostate Cancer Treatment in India is the best verdict for the patients who are suffering from Prostate Cancer.

Rates of detection of Prostate Cancers vary widely across the world, with South and East Asia detecting seldom than in Europe, and especially the United States. Prostate Cancer tends to develop in men over the age of fifty and although it is one of the most prevalent types of Cancer in men, many never have symptoms, undergo no therapy, and eventually die of other causes. This is because Cancer of the Prostate in most cases is slow-growing, symptom free and men with the diagnosed condition often die of causes unrelated to the Prostate Cancer, such as heart/circulatory disease, pneumonia, other unconnected Cancers, or old age. Many factors, including genetics and diet, have been implicated in the development of Prostate Cancer. The presence of Prostate Cancer may be indicated by symptoms, physical examination, Prostate specific antigen (PSA), or biopsy. There is controversy about the accuracy of the PSA test and the value of screening. Suspected Prostate Cancer is typically confirmed by taking a biopsy of the Prostate and examining it under a microscope. Further tests, such as CT scans and bone, may be performed to determine whether Prostate Cancer has spread.

Most Prostate Cancers begin in the outer part of the Prostate. The Cancer must be identified before it presses on the urethra and obstructs with the urination. In the early stages, Prostate Cancer is curable. With prompt treatment the percentage of men who survive longer than 10 years is roughly equal to that of men who never had Prostate Cancer.  If Prostate Cancer is permissible to develop without treatment, it may spread to other organs, causing disability and sometimes death. Advanced Prostate Cancer is more likely to cause symptoms, which may lead a man to see an urologist for diagnosis. Unfortunately, by the time Prostate Cancer has reached this stage, it is less responsive to treatment. If the results of DRE suggest the presence of Cancer, your urologist may recommend that other test be performed which help detect Prostate Cancer or indicate the extent of the Cancer’s growth. To confirm the presence of Cancer, the urologist may perform a biopsy attaining a small sample of the suspected Cancer for examination under a microscope by a pathologist. If a diagnosis of Prostate Cancer is made, the urologist will generally recommend treatment.

How Prostate Cancer is treated depends upon the stages of Cancer, the aggressive nature of the Cancer, the age of the patient, the patient’s overall health and side effects of different treatments. Because so many different options exist, the treatment of Prostate Cancer should be carefully weighed by you and your urologist. One of the treatment options, no matte what the stage is “watchful waiting”. Possible signs of Prostate Cancer include a weak flow of urine or frequent urination. These and other symptoms may be caused by Prostate Cancer. Other conditions may cause the same symptoms. A doctor should be consulted if any of the following problems occur:

  • Weak or interrupted flow of urine.
  • Frequent urination (especially at night).
  • Trouble urinating.
  • Pain or burning during urination.
  • Blood in the urine or semen.
  • A pain in the back, hips, or pelvis that doesn’t go away.
  • Painful ejaculation.

India has most excellent qualified professionals in various fields; in fact many Indians are currently working at peak positions with preeminent companies and organizations around the world. As to the Medical Facilities and Amenities in India, one can say that Indian quality of treatment and hospitality both are on par with International standards and are yet very cost effective compared to its International counterparts. India is one of the leading nations to provide finest quality of treatment and skilled surgeons & physicians. Medical Tourism in India plays a pivotal role to provide health care with relaxation. Recreational packages are provided by Medical Tourism to the patients coming in India for treatments. Prostate Cancer Treatment in India is done at best and fully equipped hospitals. Jaypee Hospital Noida India are one of the most acknowledged and prominent hospital in India. Surgeons and physicians at Jaypee Hospital are medically acclaimed and qualified from best universities in degree of medicine and surgery.


Consults Reliable Urologist for Treatment of Kidney Stones or Enlarged Prostate Treatment

An enlarged prostate can cause moderate to severe urinary discomfort. This condition is known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in medical terms. In such cases, the prostate gland of the male reproductive organ begins to multiple, which causes swelling and discomfort in urination. Normally, the benign prostatic hyperplasia causes due to aging but in several cases it can be caused by any hormonal abnormalities in the testicles of the patients.

Common symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia are incomplete bladder emptying, weak urinary stream, painful urination, incontinence and pus in the urine. Mostly 90% of men in their eighties have benign prostatic hyperplasia. It is advisable to consult doctors if any of the above symptoms appears.

With proper medical history and precise physical examination, most the cases of benign prostatic hyperplasia can be diagnosed.  The size and shape of the enlarged prostate can be estimated through rectal examination.

Alpha-1-blockers are usually prescribed as an effective treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in India. In addition to this, sometimes doctors recommend dutasteride and finasteride for hormonal reduction purposes that could provide effective relieve from benign prostatic hyperplasia.

In cases of kidney failure, bladder stones or inability to empty the bladder, the best Urologist for Laser Prostate Surgery in India recommends prostate surgical procedures.

Kidney stones or failure can trigger the prostate surgery effectively. Different types of kidney stones that can cause the failure of kidney functioning are Calcium stones, Struvite stones, Uric acid stones, and Cystine stones. One of the main causes of kidney stones is the lack of water in the body of the patients. It is advisable to drink at least two to three liters of water daily. Renal tubular acidosis and hyperparathyroidism can also cause small to medium size kidney stone in the body.

Some of the common symptoms of kidney stones are blood in urine, severe pain at the sides, burning sensation during urination, and vomiting & nausea. Doctors often conduct a physical examination to identify severe pain on the side of the stomach. Once the pain is confirmed, doctors may recommend CT or Ultrasound tests. CT scan or ultrasound can be used to confirm kidney stones with its precise size and shapes.

Under the supervision of qualified or experienced Kidney Stone Specialist Doctor in Delhi, the kidney stones of different shapes and sizes can be successfully operated.

If the sizes of the kidney stones are very small, it cannot be operated. In such cases, the doctors recommend drinking lots of water and regular checkups. If pain increases, the kidney stone specialists recommend one strong pain killer to mask the pain, as the kidney stones are too small to be operated and can be removed out of the systems through natural urination process.


Health & You

The quality of your health directly impacts the quality of your life. And now more than ever it is easy to be healthy. There are gyms and spas round every corner. Every hospital will provide nutrition guidance and help you plan a lifestyle that is tailored to keep you healthy.

Health is big business, worth billions and billions of rupees. From pharmaceutical companies to the thriving alternative remedy providers such as acupuncture and ayurveda, from the licensed medical practitioners such as doctors and nurses to the more peripheral and loosely structured health care providers, health represents a large chunk of any functional economy and health is always one of the prime indicators for development studies. Health is also fast becoming a viable source of income for the national economy with the rise of health tourism.

Countries like India are ideally poised to benefit greatly from health related developments. As of now our billion plus population has inadequate access to health care, which means that there is a vast scope for the development of a health infrastructure: from hospitals to medical services, from doctors and nurses to more easily affordable medication, India has ample room and scope to improve and grow, which is good news not just for the economy but for the people. Added to which is the incentive of medical tourism, which is poised to be a major economic boost. As healthcare becomes increasingly expensive in first world countries many people are looking to travel to countries like India which can provide world class health care at a fraction of the cost.

But health, at the end of the day is not a commodity that can be purchased. Health is a state of being, and a fragile state of being at that. Unfortunately, we tend to take health for granted until we are jolted out of our complacency by a rude event such as an illness. To be healthy today is admittedly not an easy goal. The long evolutionary process of which we are the end result geared the human body towards a life which the vast majority of us no longer live. Industrialization and development have led to a life style that is at complete variance with our evolutionary processes. We lead, for the large part, sedentary lives that entail little or no physical exertion. The food we eat is no longer a means of sustenance. It is by and large a form of indulgence and sensory gratification. Added to all of these changes is the spectre of new and mutating forms of viruses and diseases such as the latest one, the Swine Flu, which is currently poised on the verge of becoming a level six pandemic, according to the World Health Organisation.

Health is a gift that needs to be nurtured and taken care of. Fortunately, it is entirely within our power to do so. The basic unit of health is our body and unless we abuse it to an intolerable level, it only requires basic maintenance. If you are merely unfit and as yet disease free then all you have to do is take care of your body. Exercise, in whatever form appeals to you, and a balanced diet will help you maintain healthy status without undue stress. The upside to maintaining physical health is the fact that you tend to function better in mental and emotional terms when you are physically we l l . Even if you have discovered the value of health the hard way, by falling ill or suffering from a lifestyle disease such as diabetes, health is a still an achievable goal for you. Managing a disease is possible with the right combination of exercise, diet and medical care. “With mean age increasing in our country, more and more people present with geriatric problems like arthritis, cardiac ailments, hypertension, senile eye problems and cancer. There is a lot of focus on improving the Quality of life of these Geriatric patients and now technology has made it possible to undergo safe surgery like Joint Replacement”, says Dr. Dinesh Batra, CEO, Primus Super Specialty Hospital The bottom line is a simple one; the quality of your health directly impacts the quality of your life. And now more than ever it is easy to be healthy. There are gyms and spas round every corner. Every hospital will provide nutrition guidance and help you plan a lifestyle that is tailored to keep you healthy. So don’t wait, be healthy.

Test your health

To know the current state of your health count your breaths per minute. If they are around 8-10 then there is nothing to worry; 12-15 start yoga; over 15 then immediate corrective measures are required. Yoga and Sanatan Kriya prescribe techniques to regulate your breath flow so that you feel charged up and radiate health. Let’s take up a technique of this kriya as prescribed by Yogi Ashwini to regulate and synchronize the breath with the body’s biorhythms. Bhramari Pranayama: Use your thumbs to shut your ears and put your fingers at the back of your head; then shut yours eyes and make a humming sound like that of a male bee. Hold for as long as you can. Repeat this five times daily. Enjoy health and vigour.

Prostate surgery is a form of prostate treatment and includes prostate cancer surgery

As men age, prostate problems increase resulting in the need for prostate treatment and often prostate surgery. Surprisingly many men who have prostate problems do not have prostate cancer but need screening to determine if prostate cancer treatment is needed. Looking at the prostate and the diseases which affect it will explain why.

The prostate gland is a walnut size gland which surrounds the male urethra or tube from the bladder to the outside just below its junction to the base of the bladder. As a man ages, the prostate can increase in size due to a condition called benign prostatic hypertrophy or BPH. Only a doctor can determine from an examination and blood tests if the enlargement is due to BPH and not prostate cancer. All men forty years and older should undergo yearly prostate examination.

Since BPH can decrease and even completely cut off the flow of urine, prostate treatments are often needed to increase urine flow and decrease prostate size. Medical therapy can accomplish this in many cases. In some cases of BPH, prostate surgery is needed to reduce the size of the prostate and increase urine flow.

If prostate cancer is suspected, prostate biopsies are preformed either through the rectum or through a type of minimally invasive prostate treatment known as a transurethral prostatectomy. If any of the tissue removed reveals prostate cancer, prostate cancer treatment can be undertaken. Prostate cancer treatment includes the total removal of the prostate and surrounding tissues and/or radiation therapy.

I was diagnosed with prostate cancer and thought that prostate cancer treatment was the only option

Nobody wants to hear the one of the scariest words come out of their physicians mouth, “cancer”. The mere thought of having cancer itself can be one of the scariest prospects you will face but if you are diagnosed with prostate cancer take a breath as there are many treatments available.

After you have allowed yourself to allow the thought of having a cancer sink in, start to educate yourself on treatments as there are choices with great success. What prostate cancer treatment is in sight for you can only be decided by you, your family and your physician. Prostate surgery is one choice and includes treatments; such as, a radial protatectomy or radioactive seed implantation, which is not as scary as it sounds. Removing the prostate completely or using the iodine “seeds” placed in the prostate may be right for you.

If prostate surgery isn’t the answer, another prostate cancer treatment are injections. Some of these injections are Eligard, Lupron and Zoladex. These injections can be given on a three to six month basis and it is a hormone based injection as prostate cancer feeds off of the testosterone. There are also implant devices which can be put in during an office visit which goes under the first layer of the skin and are left there for a year. This is a great option if you do not wish to have surgery but can not make quarterly or biannual injection visits.


Understanding Cause Prostate Cancer – Symptoms

BPH is a condition known as benign prostatic hyperplasia/hypertrophy or more commonly referred to as the enlarged prostate. The prostate is a gland slightly larger than a peanut surrounding the urethra and sitting at the base of the bladder, in front of the rectum. As men age, non-cancerous nodules develop due to the abnormal dividing of cells. Natural aging, testosterone, diet and environments all may play a role in the abnormal growth of the gland.

Risks Increase with Age

The progressive enlargement of the prostate increases with age. The abnormal changes can begin as early as 30; symptoms usually do not develop until after 50-plus years of age. Prostate examinations have found that 70 percent of men at the age of 60 and 90 percent of men by age 80 are affected by BPH. It is believed that all men will develop an enlarged prostate if they live long enough.

Role of Hormones and Testosterone

At age 40 men’s testosterone levels begin to decrease; in response the body produces more hormones to stimulate testosterone production. Instead of simply increasing the testosterone, this imbalance leads to an elevated rate in which testosterone is transformed into dihydrotestosterone and a decreased rate in which DHT is cleared from the prostate, thus creating the enlargement.

Animal Meat

Research has shown that daily consumption of animal meat triples the risk for prostate enlargement, daily consumption of milk doubles the risk, and lack of vegetable quadruple the risk of developing prostate cancer. As the Western diet spreads to other countries, we are seeing an increase in BPH in those nationalities such as Asian and African who are normally immune to the disease.

Environmental Factors

Environmental factors which include toxins such as pesticides, food additives which contain compounds that increase the production of DHT and the lack of zinc (important mineral in metabolizing hormones) in our soil all contribute to increasing the chance of developing prostate enlargement.


To decrease the possibility of developing an enlarged prostate, men should eat a diet rich in fiber including organic fruits and vegetables, limit the intake of meat to fish and poultry, take herbal supplements and be checked by their doctor once a year after the age of 40.

Define Prostate

“By age 70, almost all men have some prostate enlargement,” states the National Cancer Institute. The three most common prostate conditions are prostatitis, enlarged prostate and prostate cancer. One condition does not necessarily lead to another condition, and not all conditions are cancer. However, according to NCI, prostate cancer is the second most common type of cancer in American men.


The prostate is a male gland that is involved with urination and reproduction. According to The Prostate Centre, the prostate is an exocrine gland that secretes fluid through the duct into the urethra. Once in the urethra, the fluid is carried outside of the body through the penis. The fluids that are made by the prostate are part of semen, or the fluid that carries sperm during orgasm. The fluid and the semen are stored in seminal vesicles and released during male climax. The prostate also produces protein called prostate specific antigen, or PSA, that is ejaculated with semen, and traces of PSA are also in the bloodstream. The prostate additionally controls the flow of urine.


The prostate is a gland about the size and shape of a walnut and weighs about an ounce. It is located above the base of the penis, in front of the rectum, just below the bladder, and it surrounds the urethra. The section of the urethra that runs through the prostate is called the prostatic urethra. The seminal vesicles, that provide nutrients for semen, are attached to the prostate and tucked between the rectum and the bladder. Some of the prostate is muscle. A normal sized prostate fits in a man’s lower pelvic region, states the PSA Rising website.

Prostate Zones

According to the University of Pittsburgh, the prostate contains five zones. The largest zone is the peripheral zone and contains about 75% of the prostate’s glands. Prostate cancer and chronic prostatitis usually occur in this zone and most needle biopsies, used to determine cancer, are done here as well. The transition zone surrounds the urethra and benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH, is found in this area. The anterior zone occupies one-third of the prostate and consists of smooth muscle. The central zone has the remaining glands of the prostate, and the last zone consists of preprostatic tissue that prevents semen from returning back into the bladder.

Common Medical Conditions

Prostatitis is a prostate infection and a symptom is when the prostate swells or enlarges. It can occur at any age. BPH occurs in men that are middle age and older and is also known as lower urinary tract symptoms, or LUTS. It is a common condition caused by non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland, states the American Urological Association. Tumors can also enlarge your prostate, states NCI. Prostate cancer can threaten your health and your life, according to PSA Rising. Urinary difficulties may occur as early as your 30s and 40s. However, most men do not have problems until later in life.


Your prostate normally gets larger as you age, states NCI. You have a higher risk for prostate cancer if you have a family history, are black, or are an older man, according to Mercer University. If you have difficulty urinating, seek medical attention. If you cannot urinate at all, go directly to the emergency room as you may suffer from BPH. Yearly physical examinations and PSA tests are highly recommended to ensure you do not have cancer,

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